Literature Citation Examples

Citation within body of paper

....trends in atmospheric carbon dioxide (Vitousek, 1991)....

....trees are often found growing on sandy soils (O'Neill and Gordon, 1994)....

.... In Alaska (Bryant et al., 1994)....

....extensive black spruce (Gordon et al., unpublished)....

....little response to disturbance (Aber and Melillo, 1991).....

Format of Literature Cited section

Journal Article

Bryant, J. P., R. K. Swihart, P. B. Reichardt and L. Newton. 1994. Biogeography of woody plant chemical defense against snowshoe hare browsing: comparison of Alaska and eastern North America. Oikos 70:385-395.

O'Neill, G.J. and A.M. Gordon. 1994. The nitrogen filtering capability of Carolina Poplar in an artificial riparian zone. J.Env. Qual. 23:1218-1223.

Vitousek, P. M. 1991. Can planted forests counteract increasing atmospheric carbon dioixide? J. Env. Qual. 20:348-354.


Gordon, A.M. and S.M. Newman (eds.). 1996. Temperate Agroforestry Systems. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureau Pub., U.K. pp 275.

Government Document

Cole, W.G. and A.M. Gordon. 1994. Long-term ecological research program. For. Res. Info. Pap. No. 115, O.M.N.R. Sault Ste. Marie, Ont. pp. 18.

Unpublished Work

Gordon, A.M., D.M. Morris, and A.G. Gordon. Unpublished. The ecological basis for forest management. pp. 44

Chapter of a Book

Miller, S. L. and E. B. Allen. 1992. Mycorrhizae, nutrient translocation and interactions between plants. pp. 301-332. In Allen, M. F. (ed.) Mycorrhizal functioning: an integrative plant-fungal process. Chapman and Hall Pubs. New York. pp. 482.

Aber, J.D. and J.M. Melillo. 1991. Concepts and terminology in ecosystem studies. pp 60-70. In Terrestrial Ecosystems. Saunders College Publishing, Philadelphia.


McCart R. and A. Gordon. 1997. Forest ecology. Video for 34-47868. Office of Open Learning. University of Guelph.

World Wide Web Source

Natural Resources Canada, Canadian Forest Service. 1996. Model forest program.

Harris, Robert. 1997. Internet search tips and strategies.

Gordon, A. and R. McCart. 1997. LTER overview. University of Guelph.

Zhang, P. 1997. Throughfall. University of Guelph.

© 1997 University of Guelph